Angola Useful News

18 January 2010
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TRANSPORT

It is possible to reach the country by air or by sea.
Air freight  is central into the Angolan economy: there are 18 provincial airports and various municipal airports.
The main airport is in the capital Luanda.
The Angola has three main railway lines. In order of importance there is the Benguela Railway (CFB) cutting the country between the port city of Lobito (the coastal province of Benguela) and the border town of Luau (eastern Moxico Province), with an area of 1037 kilometers.
Taxi Service is not very satisfactory, because it is are not very easily to find.


ROAD NETWORK

The road network is developing rapidly with the restoration of the main  interprovincial axes. Outside the towns there are streets with more than two-lane roads and only newly built roads  have surfaces of an acceptable quality.


AIRPORTS

The system of air freight in Africa is having more development over the years. The most fast and convenient way to get to Central Africa from Italy is by plane.

There are over 300 airstrips known. 
It's not recommended for travelers to land on runways unauthorized.

4 de FEVEREIRO Airport
The international airport is used by passengers travelling to the city of Luanda.

Angola offers domestic flights, international flights and long-haul flights, is the busiest in the country and is the main airport of the Republic of Angola in Southwest Africa.

It has paid parkings,and  parkings for long and short stops.

It is located about 4 km at the south of the center of Luanda and the route by car is indicated on signs.

Exiting the airport you can find taxis or minibuses that facilitate the shift toward the center of town.

Major airlines are: TAP Air, Air France, TAAG, British Airlines, British Airways, South African Airways, Aeroflot Russian Airlines.

Other information:
Able latitude: 8 ° 51 '30 "S;
Degree longitude: 13 ° 13 '52 "E;
Passenger capacity per year: 742,600;
Airstrip: 05/23 3716x45 m 07.25 2600x60m.



MAJOR PORTS

Transport by sea-river is the medium of movement which holds a dominant position for about two-thirds of the enslave users scattered throughout the country.

If we analyze the transport sector in terms of carriers, 44% is insured by ships, 39% by trucks and 9% from the plane. The main commercial  and oil ports are: Luanda, Lobito, Namibe, Soyo and Cabinda, ambitious, Amboim, Malongo.

The port of LUANDA
It must address the increasing traffic resulting from development, and is currently in a state of perpetual congestion. Moreover, there are two innovations: the new port of Viana and rehabilitation of the port of Namibe, all this to try to alleviate the congestion at the port of Luanda.

The port of Luanda is the second busiest port in Angola. With its deep water is , marketing of goods is widespread. The port has four terminals and other facilities are developing. The mouth of the harbor has a depth of 27.5 meters, the docks have a minimum depth of 9.5 meters. There are five locations for loading onto a 180 meters. The port is also connected to the national rail system. It also has 18 stores of 55 thousand square meters of indoor space plus plenty of open space.

The port of LOBITO
The port of Lobito plays a key role in the Angolan market as it is at a crucial point in the network of African ports. The port of Lobito is essential to carry out industrial and commercial activities. Thanks to the port ,agricultural products and minerals are exported.

It is located 400 km in the south of Luanda, in Lobito Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, near the city of Benguela. It is the province's main port used for international trade idor both small and larger ships, and is regarded by the world of sailing,as one of the best ports in the African continent.

The port of Lobito has a rapid and efficient stevedoring service reaching an average of 1,800 tons per day per ship. The anchorage of the port is about 5.2 kilometers in length.

The depth varies between 10.5 and 34 m, with zero altitude, and allows the simultaneous berthing of six ocean ships.

The landing places used by ocean ships are L-shaped, with a total length of 1124 m.

Equipment in the port:

It has also a modern container terminal with cold storage capacity of 64 containers, answering all the needs of the conservation of agricultural and perishable products.

Around the middle of the basin of the South there are grain silos with a storage capacity of 25,000 tons. They are equipped with a mechanical device that allows the loading of ships at an average of 400 tons / hour.

There is a vast open-air storage area for the rest of the goods, that satisfies all the conditions to manage a large number of containers and bulk minerals.

Next to the wharf for ships, there are 34 hydrants for water supply.

Because of safety is the highest priority there,at the entrance of the bay there are two lighthouses. Accordingly, all the manoeuvres can be performed safely at any time of day or night.

The security service is equipped with most modern means of communication and is guaranteed by the national police, which operates both inside and outside the port area.

The main imports are machinery and electrical equipments, vehicles and spare parts, medicines, foodstuffs, textiles, and finally food supply.

The main exports are crude oil (90%), diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, fish products, fish products, timber and eventually cotton.

About Italy , it mainly exports to Angola, food products and specialized machinery. The main voice of import from Angola of our country continues to be oil.

The port of Malongo
Is one of the most important trading ports of Angola.
FEATURES:
Latitude: 5 ° 26 '11 "
Longitude 12 ° 04 'East;
Depth: 4.5 meters in height,

Equipment available: up to 30 ton cranes, mobile cranes up to 130 tons of lifting capacity.

In port, there are also facilities for waste management and fresh water but not drinking.parte dei porti commerciali più importanti dell’Angola.

The Port of Namibe
It is located in the bay of the city of Namibe, whose plants are divided into two areas: one for general cargo and passengers (commercial port) and one specifically for the treatment of iron ore and petroleum products.

The province of Namibe in the west has a long maritime border about 480 km, along which are built some infrastructure for the industrial and artisanal fisheries.

The fish abounds on the coast of the province, and it is currently the main economic activity in the region.

The port consists of large depths ranging from 4.4 to 33 meters.

It has two stores and a covered area of approximately 7200 m². Also in port, there are several cranes and facilities for loading and unloading goods.


CURRENCY

Angolan kwanza.


TIMEZONE

Hour ahead of Greenwich.

  • Two powerful tugs of 5,000 hp and 2800 hp, to facilitate the mooring and setting sail of ships.
  • A crane with load capacity ranging from a minimum of 120 tons. to a maximum of 150 tons. a range of 12 meters.
  • Lift Height 25 feet above the water level.
  • Two 6-cylinder diesel engines of 132 hp.
  • A ship called "Yellowfin, with a capacity of 100 tonnes for water supply.
  • Laying cables launch called "Dack Doy", equipped with radar.
  • 28 electric cranes and containers of varying between 3 tons and 22 tons for loading and unloading of cargo on board ships.
  • Four cars of 27 to 48 tonnes, to facilitate the handling of containers.
  • 15 machines with a lifting capacity of 2.5 tons and 5 tons.
  • Two dump trucks with a capacity of 17 tons each.
  • In support to various services, the port has 6 wheel drive tractors with a capacity of 20 tons each, and with pump shock.

 

ELECTRICITY

Voltage: 220V
Frequency: 50 Hz

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Metric.


HEALTH RISKS

Compulsory vaccinations: yellow fever;at the airport of Luanda is required and strictly controlled the validity of the international certificate of vaccination against yellow fever. Recommended vaccinations: diphtheria and tetanus, hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, typhoid, polio. In Angola it is not safe to drink tap water, so it is advisable to consume only water in sealed bottles or hot drinks. The risk of malaria is present all year around the country.

Other risks: dengue fever, cholera, trypanosomiasis, typhoid fever. Recommend that health insurance plan, in addition to covering medical expenses, including any air ambulance repatriation or transfer to another country.


TOURISM

Tourism isn't developped. The country has, however, the scenarios of extreme beauty untouched so it is necessary to create the infrastructures (roads, hotels, logistical assistance) in order to increase this area. It is suggested to see the beautiful waterfalls of  Calandula (Duque de Bragança) Lucala river, a right affluent of the Cuanza. Suggestive are the plateau of the BIE, the rocky area of Pungo Andong, and the Namib Desert.


CLIMATE

Because of its territorial morphology climate Angola suffers from two main factors, the north is predominantly wet while down south we have a hot summer, rainy and cold and dry winter.

LANGUAGE

The official language is Portuguese, but 6 are the national languages: Kikongo, Kimbundo, Umbundu, Chokwe, Mbunda and Oxikuanyama. English is widely spoken in major towns. Many tribal languages are spoken in the country.


RELIGION

The government recognizes the country's religions Catholicism and animism. The main religion practiced is the Christian Catholic (over 50%). The higher the percentage of Catholics (and growing throughout the country)is in Luanda, where stands the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Luanda. Then there are the animism (30%) and other Christian religions (approx. 20%). There are also numerous sects of array Brazil.


VISAS

The passengers of Italian nationality and those of other countries, must have a visa for entry, which allows a stay of 30 days and will need to request before departure, renewable at the discretion of local authorities.
For the issue should submit, among other documents, a passport with a remaining validity of at least six months.

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