Report Technical-Explorative Mission "04-17 December 2009" in Camerun - Italians in Cameroon

19 March 2010
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Article Index
Report Technical-Explorative Mission "04-17 December 2009" in Camerun
Introduction
Italians in Cameroon
Trade in Cameroon
Regulation of Public Advices
Urbanism and Living
Economic, Planning and Preservation of Land
Energy and water resources
Public Works
Public health and walfare
All Pages

ITALIANS IN CAMEROON

Meetings with: 

  • Ambassador in Cameroon and Italy: Antonio Bellavia
  • First Secretary Embassy in Cameroon and Italy: Raffaele Day
  • Italian Consul in Douala: Mario Battistella


General information:
The President of the Republic of Cameroon is Paul Biya, belonging to the political group of “People of Cameroon”. The languages spoken, besides the local dialects, are English and French. The population is over 18 million inhabitants (34 km2), the total area is over 475,000 km2.

GDP per capita in Cameroon is around $ 2,400, one of the ten highest in sub-Saharan Africa. The main export markets are France, Italy, South Korea, Spain and the UK. Its currency is the CFA franc. Factors that restrict and hinder the economic growth of the private sector bureaucracy, high taxation and fiscal corruption endemic. The unemployment rate was estimated at 30% and about 48% of the population lives below the poverty line. Already since the late 80s, Cameroon has been following programs of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund to reduce poverty, to privatize industries, and increase economic growth. Tourism is a growth sector, particularly in the coastal area, near Mount Cameroon and the north.

Cameroon's natural resources are directed towards agriculture and forestry, but also industry. It is estimated that 70% of the population is employed in agriculture, which contributes to 45.2% of total GDP. Most farming is subsistence and local scale, using simple tools, with the sale of surplus, and the maintenance of small parcels for production to be marketed. The soil and climate on the coast encourage extensive cultivation of crops: bananas, cocoa, palm oil, rubber, and tea. The interior highlands and southern agriculture based on coffee, sugar and tobacco. Coffee is the main product also in the western highlands, whereas in the north the natural conditions are favorable for the cultivation of cotton, peanuts and rice.

Most of the production activities on the territory of matrix Publish, and then state. The national economic policy is very ambitious, the goal is to achieve energy self-sufficiency within 30 years. This is a highly active and emerging nation, considered by many as the China of Africa.

However, there are difficulties related to access to capital and foreign investors in the country: There is a rule of law itself, the bureaucracy is slow, customs duties are particularly onerous (for luxury goods can reach to touch levels of 50 % of the value of the goods) and customs clearance are still articulated and complex (more than 3 months).


Sectors most attractive for Italian companies are:

  • Energy: The state company that manages the production and distribution of electricity and the SONEL. (Electricity and Water Resources); But in most of the interventions related to the design is that the construction of production facilities or distribution networks Water and electricity with the collaboration of foreign companies.
    In Cameroon, there is the presence of several hydroelectric power stations, because the national territory is rich in water and is characterized by morphological conformation somewhat mixed.
    There are numerous hydroelectric plants scattered in the vicinity of large rivers Cameroon. Equally significant are the plans in place to assess the cost-effectiveness related to the implementation of new major centers of energy production.
    Cameroon has oil resources within its territory (although to an extent to make it impossible to export). That is only a limited part of the global production of electricity occurs through the use of derivatives of Hydrocarbons in thermal power plants (Grossi Sets).
    Most of the residential areas, areas of administrative and commercial capital of Yaounde, Douala and other cities may provide electricity on a regular basis. The situation changes dramatically if we move away from urban areas to suburbs and inland areas of the country. There are few centers of which may currently have electricity. For these areas should be adopted emergency measures substantially.
    For inland areas north of the country is under an emergency plan for electrification of households through the installation of photovoltaic panels.
    In the city of Douala was funded program for the replacement of public road through the use of lithium-saving lamps.
    In  2010, with the approval of the Budget, will be published Appel d'International offers both on the planning, design and supply of Electric Power Systems.
  • Tourism: The objective of the state administration is to give priority to tourism activities, the Cameroon, the inside is very rich in nature reserves and parks. Even the coastline offers many solutions attractive. In particular, the coastal area of Kribi attractions should catalyze the entire nation. In early 2010, with the approval of the Budget, will be published on the international offers D'Appel allocation of financial resources to design new tourist facilities and rehabilitation of existing ones (Parks and Nature Reserves).
  • Constructions - (Construction): The construction sector is booming. Territory are on local building firms but also foreign (especially French, German, Italian as well). The availability of building materials is Fair. The production, supply, at least at the moment, unable to meet demand.
    In early 2010, with the approval of the Budget, will be published on the international offers D'Appel allocation of financial resources to design new social structure (housing), infrastructure (roads) and for the rehabilitation of the existing ones ( Parks and Nature Reserves).
  • Feedstocks:
    Wood: One of the main resources of Cameroon, the one that occupies a dominant position is undoubtedly the Wood. Much of Cameroon is covered by Forest Land (there are several different types of wood). Booming business is the processing and manufacturing in situ. To export the finished product will then be installed on site technologically advanced machines, train local personnel, increase the rate of local employment. Given the large availability associated with the variety of timber there is a real opportunity for foreign investors to establish themselves in the market for cutting, processing and exports of By-quality wood (furniture, Furniture, Product Design).
    Oil: There is a massive presence of French Mining Company, First of all Total, stations with off-shore and onshore. Even the Italian ENI to mining interests in Cameroon.
    Gold / Aluminum / Cobalt / Iron: The Basement of Cameroon has a wealth of valuable minerals (Aluminum / Cobalt / Iron, all), however it is an economic sector "particular", it appears difficult to penetrate a concrete similar market to foreign investors without large sums to invest.
    In short, with the approval of Budget 2010, will be published international Appel D'offres, and studies related to design, supply of materials and equipment, benefits and work materials.



Economic Development of Cameroon

  • Salon International de l'Entreprise, de la PME et du Partenariat de Yaounde - Promote 2011



Partnership with the Embassy of Italy in Cameroon

Subject: Hall of Enterprise, SME and Partnership - Promote 2011 - 3-11 December 2011 Congress Palace - Yaounde

This is a showroom for companies now, for over 10 years with just repeats after every two years.
Stakeholders:
Enterprise and SME CEEMAC countries - European Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States
Enterprise and SMEs Foreign Countries (Europe - Asia - America)
Population Cameroon
Methodology:
Development Goals: Development of projects and enterprises through establishment of facilities and investments.
Immediate Objectives: Development of local authorities (road infrastructure, agricultural, Schools, aqueducts, etc ....) Creation of Enterprises (Training jobs ...), environmental awareness; Training Course; Fight Against Poverty.
Conference topics: Installing and Creating Enterprise; Investments; Training; Course, Employment, Distribution, Import - Export, clean development, energy.
Areas of Intervention: Health, Oil, Wood, Energy, Construction, Tourism / Travel, Waste Treatment, Education, Agriculture, Finance, Food, Water Resources, Environment, Services, BTP.
Mandatory membership fee:
Standard stand: 3 x 3 = 9 m2 ... ... ... ... ... .... Euro 1615
Luxe Stand: 5 x 5 = 25 m2 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... Euro 4649
Premium Stand: 10 x 10 = 100 m2 ... ... ... ... ... 12,280 Euros

Application for Registration (Courier Mail - Mail Address), the second reference and form available by contacting the undersigned by August 31, 2011.

 



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