Thousand aspects in a country completely to discover

12 April 2010

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The capital of the DRC is Kinshasa (6 millions of inhabitants). Its provinces: Bandundu (5.2 million), Bas Congo (2.8 million), the equator (4.8 million), Katanga (4.1 million), Western Kasai (3.3 million), Kasai Oriental (3.8 million), Maniema (1.2 million), North Kivu (3.5 million), South Kivu (2.8 million inhabitants ).
Throughout Africa only Sudan and Algeria are the largest in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which borders on the west by Congo-Brazzaville (1544 km common border), on the north by the Central African Republic (1577 km) and Sudan (787 km), east by Uganda (817 km), Rwanda (213 km), Burundi (205 km) and Tanzania (498 km), with Zambia to the south (2140 km) Angola.
Sharing borders with nine neighbors, Congo-Kinshasa is a country completely surrounded by land, except for 40 km of coastline overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its vastness and its enormous resources, Congo-Kinshasa is considered one of the giants of Africa, with Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa.

Relief and hydrography
The territory of the Democratic Republic of Congo is completely contained in the reservoir (3.69 million km2) of its namesake river, whose course is 4,700 km long. It is the longest river, deeper and more branched the continent. With approximately 38,000 m2 / s, is the second river in the world (after the Amazon River) as regards the scope and area of its basin. With its tributaries (the main Oubangui, which brings together the Uele and Mbomou, and Kasai, which flows into the Kwango), forms the main waterways of Africa. The Congo River, however, does not lead directly into the ocean as its lower part is cut by rapids and waterfalls downstream from Malebo Pool, which reinforces the impression of a country surrounded by land, since the terms of its costs is less than 50 km. Upstream a lot of fast (32 falls on a vertical drop of 300 m to 300 km) forms an obstacle to navigation and at the same time, a considerable hydropower potential (Inga Dam).
The findings form an amphitheater on both sides of the central basin, surrounded by Congo dall'Oubangui. The altitude varies between 300 and 500 meters. The region has a dense hydrographic network and very large plains, subject to flooding. Inclination leads to regular Eastern Highlands, height between 500 and 1000 meters, where the river makes deep valleys (Kwilu, Kasai).
In eastern and southern borders stretch plateaus dotted with small mountains (2000 meters in the southern part of Katanga, the former plateau Shaba), masses of mountain peaks with Level (Mount Mitumba in particular) and depressions (Lake Upemba). At the eastern border of the country, the mountain chain was broken during the formation of the Rift Valley.
The depressions, usually occupied by lakes (Tanganyìka. Kivu, Edouard and the former Lake Albert, Mobutu called today), are dominated by granite mountains (Ruwenzori, 5119 m) and the Virunga chain of volcanoes with its seven (Karisimbi, Muhabura, Sabino, Visoko, Mikeno, Nyamulagira and Nyiragongo).
This system is composed of volcanic hot springs sulfur, whose potential has not yet been exploited.

Climate and vegetation
The Democratic Republic of Congo lies astride the Equator, through the village, 585 km north of Kinshasa. From north to south meet all types of tropical climate. From west to east are: the oceanic climate of the coast, the temperate highland climate and polar perennially snow-covered mountains and glaciers of the Ruwenzori. The Basin has a typically equatorial climate: more than 2 feet of rain a year without a real dry season, atmospheric humidity is constantly high and average temperatures from 25 to about 27 ° C and rarely vary.

Estimated at 50.5 million inhabitants in 1999, the population consists of ethnic groups that occupy well-defined territories. The tuba or Baluba (17.9%) of the center-south are more numerous than the Kongo of Lower Congo (16.2%). The north-east is occupied by Mongo Basin (13.4%), from Congolese who speak Kivu (11.1%) by Zand (6.2%) and many other ethnic groups. The Teke live in the Lower Congo, the Chokwe and Lunda along the border with Angola, Kouba in the Kasai, the Tetela the center, the Bashi, the Nande and Warenga east, etc..

The official language is French. Of the 250 languages spoken in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 90% are Bantu. Four of these are considered national languages: Swahili (40%) to the east, Lingala (40%) in the Upper Congo, Equator and in the region of Kinshasa, Kikongo (17.5%) in the Bas Congo and Bandundu, Tshiluba (15%) in Kasai. Despite the strong population growth, the population is characterized by a low average density (21.5 inhabitants per km2) (estimated 1999). The center of the country, particularly the region of the forest in the basin, has levels of population density between 1 and 5 inhabitants/km2. you most populated areas are located in peripheral regions: the Lower Congo, Kinshasa and the Atlantic coast, the Southern Congo (Kwilu, Kasai, the Katanga mining region), and especially the highlands of Kivu. Urban areas now house 43.3% of the Congolese population.
The capital Kinshasa is the second largest agglomeration (after Lagos) Sub Saharan Africa. The major cities are after Kinshasa Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi, Kisangani and Kananga.

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