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Sudan Useful News

27 January 2010
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TRANSPORTS
The rail network in Sudan is of  4578 kilometers and connects the main centers.

The waterways amounts to 4080 kilometers.

The national airline, the Sudan Airways, is owned and carries out domestic and international flights.



ROAD NETWORK
The road network is about ordinary km.73.577, while the motorway is nonexistent. There is only one paved highway connecting the city of Khartoum to Port Sudan.

In southern Sudan the roads are practically impassable for many months during the rainy season which runs from April to May.


AIRPORTS
In Sudan there are four airports: the airport in Khartoum, Port Sudan, Malakal and Juba.

The airport in Khartoum
The airport is among the most visited Khartoum in Sudan. The airport is used by passengers traveling to the city of Khartoum. Khartoum is a leading destination for sightseeing.

The airport offers domestic flights in Sudan, international flights and long-haul flights.

Outside the airport you can rent a car. Diesel fuel is readily available in large centers.

Airport PORT SUDAN
Port Sudan is the international airport and is 675 km from the capital Khartoum.

Other information:

Degrees of latitude: 19 ° 35 '0 "N;

Degrees of longitude: 37 ° 13 '0 "E;

The other two are both for airport capacity for smaller size and then used for domestic travel.




PORTS
Port Sudan comes forward the Red Sea, is the only commercial port in the country and received most of the products arriving and departing.

The city and 'also the capital of the province of Ali-Bahr Al-Ahmar.


CURRENCY
Old Sudanese Pound



TIMEZONE

Three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean


ELECTRICITY

240 volts, 50Hz



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
Metric System



HEALTH RISKS
Hospital medical facilities in the country do not reflect Western standards. The health situation is particularly difficult as there is the risk of contracting the diseases common in equatorial zones.

Are recommended to take before embarking on their journey, including health insurance, in addition to covering medical expenses, including any air ambulance repatriation or transfer to another country.

Recommended vaccinations: diphtheria and tetanus, yellow fever, viral hepatitis A, hepatitis B virus, typhoid fever, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, polio.

In Sudan it is not safe to drink tap water.

The risk of malaria is present all year around the country. The risk is lowest in the north, the highest hand in the area of Lake Nasser and in the central and southern Ethiopia. Shores of the Red Sea is very limited.

The WHO has confirmed last year several hundred people suffering from fever of "Rift Valley" with over two hundred deaths. Most of the infections contracted by humans is caused by direct contact with infected animals, by the recruitment of non-pasteurized milk or boiled, or from bites of infected mosquitoes.

Other risks: Intestinal parasitic infections, typhoid, cholera and amoeba. AIDS cases are increasing.



TOURISM
Sudan is the largest among African countries and as often happens in this beautiful continent, the political and social criticism take away the international tourism.

Battered by wars and famine, has a reality mosaic where different traditions and cultures are struggling to create the same harmony but an interesting melting pot of races and customs.

Characterized by a beautiful distant past whose traces can still be seen as a splendid ruins of palaces and pyramids is a country waiting to be discovered, where the legends and tales of past centuries are still alive in daily life and underlie some of the mystery between the areas off the beaten track.

Sudan is very rich in history as witnessed by the archaeological ruins in the north. Natural scenery sea, desert, forest and wild life are the main resources of Sudanese society, which boasts a special interest in the variety of its ethnic groups with their distinctive culture and folklore.


CLIMATE
The northern part of the country is desert, down towards the south meets the steppe in the central part that gives way to savannah.

The southern part, under the tenth parallel of north latitude, is green, wet and covered with expanses of marshes.

At the edge of the vast basin of Sudan stands the Jebel Marra and Jebel Oda.

The Nile runs through the country completely from south to north and it is very important for the country, both for transport and for the ability to irrigate arid lands affected by its course.

Area more fertile, intensely cultivated, is between the White Nile and Blue Nile, which join near the capital Khartoum.

This "land between the rivers" is called the Gezira, which in Arabic means "island".

The climate is very hot everywhere: the rainfall increases progressively starting from the desert areas of northern up to the maximum of the savannas of South



LANGUAGE
The most widely spoken languages are: Arabic is the language ufficilae, languages eastern Sudan, the Nubian, the Dinka and the Nuer-Kunama.English is the vehicular  language.



RELIGION
Islam is the state religion is professed by 70% of the population. 25% profess traditional African religions ( "animistic") while the remaining 5% profess Christianity. Animists and Christians live mostly in the south, which started a Christian missionary activities in colonial times.

All languages of the Sudanese people have a word Jok, sometimes jwok that can be derived both from jo "living being, man" that Yahweh or Jehovah, God of the Israelites in the Archaic period, whose meaning varies from tribe to tribe, sometimes referred the Supreme Being, conceived as the creator of the universe, sometimes indicates the inferior spirits.



VISAS
Italian travelers, like those of most countries, must have a visa for entry, allowing a maximum stay of 30 days and will need to request before departure.

For the issue it is necessary to submit, among other documents, a passport with a remaining validity of at least six months, the letter of the travel agent with confirmation of hotel booking and air ticket to return or onward journey.


 

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